Aviv, J.E., Kaplan, S.T., Thompson, J.E., Spitzer, J., Diamond, B., Close, L.G. The safety of flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing: an analysis of 500 consecutive evaluations. Dysphagia. 2000;15:39-44.
Aviv, J.E., Murray, T., Zschommler, A., Cohen, M., Gartner, C. Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing: patient characteristics and analysis of safety in 1340 consecutive examinations. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 2005;114:173-176.
Cohen, M.A., Setzen, M., Perlman, P.W., Ditkoff, M., Mattucci, K.F., Guss, J. The safety of flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing in an outpatient otolaryngology setting. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:21-24.
Hiss, S.G., & Postma, G.N. (2003). Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Laryngoscope, 113(8), 1386-1393.
Langmore S.E., Pelletier C, Nelson R. Results of FEES survey on safety of endoscopy for swallowing assessment. Presented at Fourth Annual Meeting of the Dysphagia Research Society, McLean, VA, October 28, 1995.
Leder, S.B. (1998). Serial fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations in the management of patients with dysphagia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 79(10), 1264-1269.
Pisenga, J.M. and Langmore, S.E. (2016). Parameters of instrumental swallowing disorders: describing a diagnostic dilemma. Dysphagia June 2016, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 462–472
Suiter, D.M., & Moorhead, M.K. (2007). Effects of flexible fiberoptic endoscopy on pharyngeal swallow physiology. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 137(6), 956–958. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2007.09.004
Giraldo-Cadavid, L.F., Leal-Leañp, L.R., Leon-Basantes, G.A., Garcia, R., Ovalle, S., Abondano-Garavito, J.E. (2017) Accuracy of endoscopcic and video fluoroscopic evaluations of swallowing for oropharyngeal dysphagia. Laryngoscope, 127:2002–2010.
Hiromasa, A. & Tsubahara, A. (2011) Observation of arytenoid movement during laryngeal elevation using videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Dysphagia, 26: 150-154.
Kelly, A.M., Drinnan, M.J., & Leslie, P. (2007). Assessing penetration and aspiration: how do videoflouroscopy and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing compare? Laryngoscope 117(10), 1723-1727.
Kelly, A.M., Leslie, P., Beale, T., Payten, C., & Drinnan, M.J. (2006). Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and videoflouroscopy: does examination type influence perception of pharyngeal residue severity? Clin Otolaryngol 31, 425-432.
Langmore. S.E. (2017). History of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing for evaluation and management of pharyngeal dysphagia: changes over the years. Dysphagia 32 (1): 27-38
Leder, S.B. (2015). Comparing Simultaneous Clinical Swallow Evaluations and Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluations of Swallowing: Findings and Consequences. Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia). ASHA Volume 24, February 2015.
Leder, S.B, Sasaki, C.T., & Burrell, M.I. (1998). Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Dysphagia to Identify Silent Aspiration. Dysphagia, (13),19-21.
Leder, S.B., Espinosa, J.F. (2002). Aspiration risk after acute stroke: comparison of clinical examination and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Dysphagia, 17, 214-218.
Leder, S.B., Novella, S., & Patwa, H. (2004). Use of fiberoptic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Dysphagia, 19(3), 177-181.
Lim, S.H., Lieu, P.K., Phua, S.Y., Seshardri, R., Venketasubramanian, N., Lee, S. H., et al (2001). Accuracy of bedside clinical methods compared with fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES) in determining the risk of aspiration in acute stroke patients. Dysphagia, 16(1), 1-6.
Takahashi, N., Kikutani, T., Tamura, F., Groher, M., & Kuboki, T. (2012). Videoendoscopic assessment of swallowing function to predict the future incidence of pneumonia of the elderly. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 39, 429-437.
Wu, C.H., Hsiao, T.Y. Chen, J.C., Chang, Y.C., & Lee, S.Y. (1997). Evaluation of swallowing safety with fiberoptic endoscope: comparison with videoflouroscopic technique. Laryngoscope, 107(3), 396-401.
Comfort with FEES
Fife, T., Butler, S., Langmore, S., Lester, S., Wright, C., Kemp, S.,Grace-Martin, K., Rees, C. (2014). Use of topical nasal anesthesia during flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in dysphagia patients. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. DOI: 10.1177/0003489414550153.
Kamarunas. E. E., McCullough, G.H., Guidry, T.J., Mennemeier, M., & Schluterman, K. (2014). Effects of topical nasal anesthesia on fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing with sensory testing (FEESST). Dysphagia 29, 33-43.
Leder, S.B., Ross, D.A., Briskin, K.B., Sasaki, C.T. A prospective, double-blind, randomized study on the use of a topical anesthetic, vasoconstrictor, and placebo during transnasal flexible fiberoptic endoscopy. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research. 1997;40:1352-1357.
O’Dea MB, Langmore SE, Krisciunas GP, Walsh M, Zanchetti LL, Scheel R, McNally E, Kaneoka AS, Guarino AJ, and Butler SG. Effect of Lidocaine on Swallowing During FEES in Patients With Dysphagia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2015 Jul;124(7):537-44.
Singh, V., Brockbank, M.J., Todd, G.B. Flexible transnasal endoscopy: is local anesthetic necessary? Journal of Laryngology and Otology. July 1997;111:616-618.
Attrill, S., White, S., Murray, J. Hammond, S., & Doeltgen, S., (2018). Impact of oropharyngeal dysphagia on healthcare cost and length of stay in hospital: a systematic review. BMC Heath Services Research 18: 594-622.
Bonilha H.S., Simpson A.N., Ellis C, Mauldin P, Martin-Harris B, Simpson K. The one-year attributable cost of post-stroke dysphagia. Dysphagia. 2014 Oct;29(5):545-52.
Hwang D, Teno J.M., Gozalo P, Mitchell S. Feeding tubes and health costs postinsertion in nursing home residents with advanced dementia. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2014;47(6):1116-1120.
Westmark, Signe & Melgaard, Dorte & Rethmeier, Line & Ehlers, Lars. (2018). The cost of dysphagia in geriatric patients. ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research. Volume 10. 321-326.